Strategy: PRePLanger, J. A. (1980). Relation between levels of prior knowledge and the organization of recall. In M. Kamil & A. J. Moe (Eds.), Perspectives in reading research and instruction Twenty-ninth Yearbook of the National Reading Conference (pp. 28-33). Washington, DC: The National Reading Conference.
PReP provides students with the opportunity to engage in a group brainstorming session about material to be read or as an introduction to a learning experience, such as a field or film. By participating in this activity prior to reading, they learn to make associations and connections about a topic and to reflect and reformulate the ideas they shared. PReP is an effective strategy to be used with students who think they know little about the topic because this technique helps them access relevant information they do possess. Thus, their learning is maximized. For students who know a lot about the topic, using PReP helps them determine what is important or not.
|Teacher:||"Mary, you said 'wings.' Why?"|
|Mary:||"Because a lot of insects fly, so they have to have wings."|
|Teacher:||"Okay, can you name some insects that fly?"|
|Mary:||"Bees, lightning bugs, flies."|
|Teacher:||"Trang, you said, "Insects are gross." What made you think of that?|
|Thang:||I was thinking about a time when I was living in Florida and a cockroach flew into my room and landed on my bed while I was sleeping. When I opened my eyes, all I could see were these antennae moving, and I screamed.|
|Teacher:||"Now that we have an idea about insects after talking about them for a while, have you come up with any new ideas? Bill, what made you think of spiders?"|
|Bill:||"I HATE spiders! They are nasty bugs."|
|Stacey:||"Don't spiders have eight legs?"|
|Teacher:||"Well, that's interesting. If a spider has eight legs, then is it an insect?"|
|Paul:||"I have a question. Amy said insects destroy stuff, but don't bees carry pollen around so flowers can grow or something like that?"|
|Amy:||"Oh yeah! We read a book about that last year. They carry pollen from flower to flower so they can grow!"|
Created with assistance by Tamara Jetton.
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