Areas of Expertise


Achievement Gaps
Literature Library


Why Do the Achievement Gaps Exist?

  1. Explanations

    1. School Factors

      1. Racial Segregation in Schools

Desegregation and Student Achievement: What's the Connection?
School desegregation was meant in part to reduce the racial gap in achievement. However, research has found inconsistent effects of racial composition on academic performance. A study of Texas schools aims to set the record straight.

Is There a Relationship between School Segregation and the Achievement Gap?
Scholar Gary Orfield reports that American schools have become more racially and ethnically segregated since the late 1980s. He also notes that this resegregation coincided with a stagnation in the decrease of the achievement gap between white and non-white, non-Asian students.

Are U.S. Schools Becoming More Segregated? Research Says "Yes"
The U.S. is becoming increasingly diverse. This trend is probably nowhere as evident as in U.S. public schools where the number of black and Latino students has risen dramatically over the past thirty years. However, U.S. schools are also becoming more segregated, says a leading scholar.

Researchers Link School Segregation to the Racial Gap in Achievement
A study of Texas schools finds that having more black classmates slows the achievement gains of other black elementary school children, particularly those with above-average test scores. This "peer effect" does not affect white students, suggesting that some of the racial gap in achievement is due to segregation.


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