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Tool Name
Standards Performance Continuum (SPC)

Evaluation Type
Classroom Observations

English Language Learners specific

Elementary Grades only

Use of Evaluation


R. William Doherty, R. Soleste Hilberg, George Epaloose, and Ronald Tharp of the Center for Research on Education, Diversity, and Excellence (University of California–Berkeley) created the SPC and the Standards for Effective Pedagogy that this instrument measures.

Product Description
The Standards Performance Continuum is a rubric that can be used in classroom observations to determine the extent to which the Center for Research on Education, Diversity and Excellence's (CREDE's) Standards for Effective Pedagogy are being enacted. These standards include joint productive activity, language and literacy development, contextualization, challenging activities, and instructional conversation.

General Target Population Information
The purpose of the Standards Performance Continuum is to provide a quantitative measure with which to assess the Standards for Effective Pedagogy. This protocol was designed to be used in classrooms where the syudent population includes English language learners.

Stage of Teacher Development
All Stages

The Standards Performance Continuum has been used in research conducted by CREDE, the organization at the University of California–Berkeley that created the five standards of pedagogy that the instrument measures. It has been deemed through research to be both valid and reliable for these purposes.

Research and Resources
Doherty, R. W., Hilberg, R. S., Epaloose, G., & Tharp, R. G. (2002). Standards performance continuum: Development and validation of a measure of effective pedagogy. Journal of Educational Research, 96(2), 78–89.

This protocol has only been used in research studies.

Contact Information

CREDE Office
University of California Graduate School of Education
1640 Tolman Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720
Phone: 510-643-9024
Fax: 510-643-6239

Director Roland Tharp, Ph.D.

Support Available
This protocol has only been used in research studies.