Strategy: Reciprocal Teaching
Paliscsar, A. S., & Brown, A. L. (1986). Interactive teaching to promote independent learning from text. The Reading Teacher, 39(8), 771-777.
Reciprocal Teaching is a strategy in which an adult and students take turns assuming the role of "teacher." Four components are used to help students improve reading comprehension. The first is summarizing, which develops the children's ability to make connections between the ideas presented in the text. The second is questioning, which encourages them to identify key ideas and connect them to their prior knowledge. The third is clarifying, which challenges the readers to recognize parts that are confusing, such as decoding, vocabulary, unfamiliar references, and other parts of the passage that may be unclear. Finally, predicting gives them a chance to speculate about what is coming next in the text. It is strongly suggested that groups for Reciprocal Teaching are no more than five students and that the teacher first models each of these components before engaging in the activity.
Note: This strategy can also be used in a whole-group setting, but not as effectively as in small groups.
The Web site noted above contains an example of Reciprocal Teaching using The Witch From Blackbird Pond by Elizabeth George Speare.
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