Strategy: QARQuestion/Answer Relationships
Raphael, T. E. (1982). Question-answering strategies for children. The Reading Teacher, 36(2), 186-190.
The QAR strategy has been used successfully to help students recognize different types of questions and how to locate the answers. In QAR, there are four types of questions, each of which can be answered from a different source. These are divided into two groupsIn the Book and In My Head. The answers to In the Book questions are text explicit—"right there"—or text implicit—"think and search." In My Head questions involve finding the answer using background knowledge and the author's clues: "Author and You," or adding the reader's own experience to background knowledge and author's clues: "On Your Own."
Introduce the two large categories "In the Book" and "In My Head," using a large chart. Define the four types of questions.
In the Book QARS
The answer is in the text and usually easy to find. The words used to make up the question and the words used to answer the question are right there in the same sentence.
Think and Search
(Putting it Together)
The answer is in the story, but you need to put together different story parts to find it. Words for the question and words for the answer are not found in the same sentence. They come from different parts of the text.
In My Head QARS
Author and You
The answer is not in the story. You need to think about what you already know, what the author tells you in the text, and how it fits together.
On My Own
The answer is not in the story. You can even answer the question without reading the story. You just need to use your own experience.
Give examples of each one. A fun example of this strategy is found below.
ITSY BITSY SPIDER
The itsy bitsy spider went up the water spout.
Down came the rain and washed the spider out.
Out came the sun and dried up all the rain,
And the itsy, bitsy spider went up the spout again.
Dos and Don'ts of QARs
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