Tierney, R. (1995) Reading Strategies and Practices. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Overview: Jigsaw is a team learning approach that has proven to be very effective in the middle and secondary school classrooms when used with expository text. Students are divided into heterogeneous groups of four. Each group member is responsible for becoming an "expert" on one section of the assigned material and then "teaching" it to the other members of the team.
Note: It is important that the reading material assigned is at appropriate instructional levels.
A teacher can introduce Jigsaw by saying:
"Today we are going to work in learning teams to study a unit on ______________. I have divided the reading material into four sections. Each of you will be responsible to become an expert on the section that is assigned to you. First of all, you will read your material. Then you will meet with members of other teams who have the same reading section and discuss it thoroughly. Next you will return to your team and teach them about your topic. Finally, I have prepared a quiz on all of the topics. You must work together so that each member of the team does well on the quiz. Your score will be the total score of your team."
After the students have finished the reading of their topic, the concept of "being an expert" can be introduced as follows:
"Now it is your chance to discuss your topic with others who read the same material. This is the time during which you will decide the important ideas, that you need to teach your team. You will each share information and take notes. Also try also to think of what questions might be asked on the quiz. You will then go back to your original group to discuss the entire unit and prepare for the quiz."
Copyright © 2011 Learning Point Associates. All rights reserved.