Strategy: Graphic Organizers
Barron, R. F. (1969). The use of vocabulary as an advanced organizer. In H. L. Herber & P. L. Sanders (Eds.), Research in reading in the content areas: First year report. Syracuse, NY: syracuse Universtiy
Cunningham, P.M., & Allington, R. (2002). Classrooms that work: They can all read and write (3rd ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Tierney, R. J., Readance, J. E., & Dishner, E. K. (1995). Reading strategies and practices. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.Web site: http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/students/learning/lr1grorg.htm
There are many different types of Graphic Organizers that can be used as preteaching or postteaching strategies. The purpose for using this approach is to introduce or reinforce key concepts in a text. Using Graphic Organizers enables students to visually discern how a text is structured.
Various types of Graphic Organizers are provided on NCREL's Pathways to School Improvement Web site.
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