Areas of Expertise


Achievement Gaps
Literature Library


Why Do the Achievement Gaps Exist?

  1. Explanations

    1. School Factors

Early Education May Be Key to Closing the Gap between Blacks and Whites The black-white gap in employment, earnings, and college education has persisted and in some cases started to grow. A federal report reviews several theories and finds that much of this gap is related to racial differences in elementary and secondary achievement test scores.

How Can Schools Narrow the Black-White Test Score Gap? A leading scholar reviews the research on the effects that schools can have on narrowing the black-white test score gap. He concludes that many things that schools do make an impact on black and white test scores.

Changes in Schools May Help Explain the Narrowing of the Achievement Gap in the 1970s and 1980s Many educational changes were made in the 1970s and 1980s that may have helped black students in the U.S. Many of these changes were focused on the way that schools were organized.

Do Educational Changes Explain the Narrowing of the Achievement Gap in the 1970s and 1980s? How did educational changes affect the black-white test score gap in the 1970s and 1980s? A team of researchers investigates the effects of educational processes on the achievement gap.

What Does it Mean to be Race-Neutral? A scholar argues that research on teacher bias can be confusing because research that supports one notion of bias can look unbiased from a different perspective. He offers three different understandings of "race neutrality" to help lessen the confusion in this field of research.

Schools Matter: Four Steps to Closing the Achievement Gap Once and For All Progress in closing the racial and economic gap in student performance halted during the 1990s. States can and have resumed progress by having uniform standards, making the curriculum challenging, helping students catch up, and providing good teachers.


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