Most high-quality complementary learning activities and programs build capital within their participants. Capital refers to resources, experiences, and assets that develop and extend each participant's capabilities and sense of power. The various types of capital are cultural, financial, health, human, personal, polity, and social (Gordon & Bridglall, 2005).
Some high-quality complementary learning activities and programs may focus specifically on one or two types of capital while others may build a wide variety of capital within their students. Following are descriptors related to each type of capital. Activities and programs can focus on these descriptors to build the respective capital.
Gordon, E. W., & Bridglall, B.L. (2005). The challenge, context, and preconditions of academic development at high levels. In E. W. Gordon, B. L. Bridglall, & A. S. Meroe (Eds.), Supplementary education: The hidden curriculum of high academic achievement (pp. 10-34). Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
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